Vocabulario de los tejeros


Se recoge en este vocabulario la mayor parte de las palabras utilizadas en la jerga propia de los tejeros del municipio del Rosal y La Guardia. Sin embargo su uso continuado durante más de un siglo no sólo en los tejares sino también en su vida ordinaria, han hecho que muchas de estas palabras hayan pasado a formar parte del lenguaje vulgar de las familias. Tanto es así que muchas personas consideran que tales palabras pertenecen al gallego y se encuentran en el diccionario.
Este hecho, unido a la influencia del portugués en la lengua del Bajo Miño, es motivo más que suficiente comprender la sorpresa de los visitantes por la tan original manera de hablar gallego que tienen los vecinos del Rosal.
Cómo puede verse este vocabulario está formado por vocablos de creación propia de los tejeros. Sin embargo la fonética, morfología y sintaxis de esta jerga se corresponden con las propias del gallego, siendo este el soporte general de la comunicación y el que proporciona el resto de las palabras y enlaces.

 

Español                                             Cabaqueiro

acostarse                                                             alombarse
agarrar                                                                 ajouchar
agua                                                                       boreta
aguardiente                                                        jañarra
ahora                                                                    ajora
ajo                                                                          picón
albañil                                                                  chafouta
alcalde                                                                 vedello
aldea                                                                     jalleira
alegrase                                                               esbucharse
alubia                                                                   perexelas
correr                                                                   zancanear
antiguos                                                              denantes
año                                                                        mancón glande
arar                                                                       chorrentar
árbol                                                                     fusto
azotar                                                                   azougar
azúcar                                                                  melosa
bacalao                                                                rañoto
bailar                                                                    zambiar
beber                                                                    lacrear
berzas                                                                   maravallas
borrachera                                                        merluza

botas                                                                    viturinas
bueno                                                                   xido
burro                                                                    xirico
caballo                                                                 velbo
cabra                                                                    charavita
café                                                                       sarrallo
caldo                                                                    choco
calor de verano                                               tildano do melcoeiro
calzoncillos                                                       brajestos
cama                                                                    piltra
camión                                                               chión de fogo
camisa                                                                 bandalla
campana                                                            chocalla
campesinos                                                      patamáns
cantina                                                               sarrallería
cara                                                                     fuciñeira
carro                                                                  chión
cartero                                                              follaqueiro
casa                                                                    ciba
casarse                                                              truscarse
castaña                                                             curupela
cebolla                                                              acedella, picalla
centeno                                                            zurro
cerdo                                                                 cico
cereza                                                                mirla
chaqueta                                                          albarda
chimenea                                                         chamborra
choriza                                                              llota
cientos                                                               centemes
ciruela                                                               garula
cocina                                                                arrufanta
comer                                                                murcir
comida                                                              murcideira
comprar                                                           merciar
conejo                                                               caxato
corriendo                                                        a zanco de tisco
cristal de ventana                                        quebro
cuervo                                                              gaviru
de seguido                                                      de sejelle
defecar                                                            choucear
dejar atrás                                                      azoujar no sutrás
desear                                                               acouzar
desgracia                                                        fumigueira
deshacer                                                         esnorzar
después                                                           adepois
destrozar                                                        escricar
destruir                                                           espatifar
día                                                                      xano
dinero                                                              lerches
Dios                                                                  Kaicoíño
domingo                                                         xano xido
dormir                                                             cucar, minar
dulces                                                              lamberetos
echar                                                                zoupar
empezar                                                          empeceitar
empresario                                                    fagina
entrar                                                               sudentrar
escritor                                                            esjarabiteiro
España                                                             Musa
estar                                                                  pariñar
farmacéutico                                                fotricas
febrero                                                            febredeiro
feria                                                                  rincholeira
fiesta                                                                delesta
flor                                                                    jardiola
Francia                                                            Jabacheira
frío                                                                    zabicardo
gaitero                                                             churumbeleiro
Galicia                                                             Jalleira
Gándara                                                         Goreña
garbanzos                                                       jravieles
gato                                                                   batín
gobernador                                                   valderretua
grande                                                              granxemes
guardia civil                                                   jabirro
habichelas                                                       zarabetos
habitantes                                                       baturrellos
hablar                                                                jalruar
hacer                                                                  taxicar
hambre                                                             jarulla
higo                                                                    melote
hijito                                                                  silfiño
hoja                                                                    folleca
hombre                                                             calleu
hombres mayores                                        rulos
horno                                                                 deboleiro
hueso de cerdo                                              chavello
huevo                                                                 xumarro
huir                                                                     alixir
franceses                                                          jabachos
juez                                                                     valderrama
jurel                                                                    camoucho
La Guardia                                                       A Xarda
lavarse                                                               axidarse
leche                                                                   xatela
lobo                                                                     tisco pirrio
loco                                                                     xibano
luego                                                                   sulogo
magrear                                                             jouchear
maíz                                                                    zaburro
malo                                                                   danoca, pirrio
mandil                                                                atoubanetras
mano                                                                   joucha
manzana                                                            cotroza
mar                                                                     dejancheiro
marcharse                                                        lamberse
marchó                                                              alixíu
marinero                                                           cuco, zulú
medico                                                               esnorzaxidos
merluza                                                              pixota
mes                                                                       melcón
miedo                                                                  cirulo
misa mayor                                                       lámpara granxemes
mora                                                                    caia da silva
morir                                                                   toupar
mucho                                                                 mastío, muiteme
mujer                                                                   calloa
mundo                                                                 deundo
negro                                                                    parromeiro
nieve                                                                     repola
noche                                                                   fusca
noctámbulo                                                       fusqueante
novia                                                                    nenza
nuevo                                                                   novicho
obrero                                                                 ferrete
ocultarse                                                            atoubarse
oír                                                                          escoitanivar
orinar                                                                   canalear
otro                                                                       daorde, otreme
oveja                                                                     motoa

padre                                                                    rulo
paloma                                                                 picoña
pan                                                                         gita
pantalones                                                          cirriolos
pasa                                                                        aliste
patata                                                                     baloca
peces                                                                      nadantes
peligroso                                                               perijrocho
peluquero                                                             cañoteiro
peor                                                                         pirrio
peras                                                                        jaiolas
pero                                                                         maisemes
perro                                                                       tisco
pimiento                                                                picorro
piojos                                                                      jorellos
poco                                                                         jiche
por la mañana                                                     pola maíña
portugués                                                              quimba
primavera                                                             alegroeira
pronto                                                                    axina
pulgas                                                                     ciljas
pulpos                                                                    dorraxos
querido                                                                  querentado
queso                                                                      daxeno
ratón                                                                        lirón
reloj                                                                          xaineiro
reunir                                                                      arrañar
romper                                                                   espatifar
sábado                                                                    lavado
sacerdote                                                               louro
salen                                                                         alixen
santo                                                                        keito
sardina                                                                    ceja
semana                                                                    mancona
Sol                                                                             Lourenzo
sol                                                                              melco
solo                                                                           solemes
sombra                                                                    jarrida
sufrir                                                                        apandar
tabernero                                                               ballorteiro
tarde                                                                         xasca
teja                                                                            cabaca
tejado                                                                       tarteiro
tejero                                                                        cabaqueiro
tejero                                                                        cacaruxa
temblor                                                                    tremello
terminar                                                                  finachar
tiempo atmosférico                                            tempemes
tierra                                                                         terris
tocar                                                                         ferranchear
tocino                                                                       burel
trabajar                                                                    lasquear
trigo                                                                           gitan
uva                                                                             caia
vaca                                                                           areona
vagina                                                                       netra
vago                                                                           langrán
ver                                                                              ajuzar
vestido                                                                      afiañado
viento frío                                                               zalopo
viento                                                                        bufolo
vino blanco                                                             lacre
vino malo                                                                 chapeira
vino tinto                                                                  morapio
yegua                                                                          velba
yo                                                                                  moi
zorro                                                                           tisco das cacaruxas